Human papillomavirus HPV infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and is incriminated in a large proportion of cervical, oral and other genital cancers.
HPV vaccination was first introduced in in women, but recently there have been debates about extending the vaccination programme to men. To measure the knowledge and awareness of human papillomavirus infection among young adults. Subjects and method.
Knowledge and awareness of human papillomavirus (HPV) among young adults – a cross-sectional study
The participants are medical students, selected from a larger sample, who completed an anonymous web-based survey measuring awareness and knowledge of HPV infection. The subsample contains students in the age range years old, with Overall, The awareness of HPV was similar between women Among those who had heard about HPV before, while only 4.
The highest knowledge score was human papillomavirus studies out of 23with a median of These have important implications in prevention strategy. Increasing knowledge about the implications of HPV infection may encourage primary and secondary cervical cancer prevention programs. HPV vaccination, cervical cancer, knowledge Rezumat Istoric. Infecţia cu papilomavirusul uman HPV este una dintre cele mai frecvente boli cu transmitere sexuală şi este incriminată pentru proporţiile mari de cancer de col uterin, oral condiloame vologda de alte organe genitale.
- Ты лжешь.
- Женщина отвернулась.
- Condilom la bărbați cum se tratează
- Сиди себе в заднем салоне и докуривай окурки.
- Detoxifierea suplimentelor corpului
Vaccinarea HPV a fost introdusă pentru prima dată în la femei, dar recent au existat dezbateri despre extinderea programului de vaccinare la bărbaţi. Măsurarea cunoştinţelor şi conştientizării infecţiei cu papilomavirusul uman pastile împotriva paraziților intestinali adulţii tineri. Subiecţi şi metodă.
Participanţii sunt studenţi la medicină, selectaţi dintr-un eşantion mai mare, care au completat un sondaj anonim pe un website, care măsoară conştientizarea şi cunoştinţele despre infecţia cu HPV. Cel mai mare scor de cunoştinţe a fost 18 din 23cu o medie de Sondajul nostru indică faptul că studenţii la medicină au cunoştinţe slabe despre HPV şi rate scăzute de vaccinare împotriva HPV.
Acestea au implicaţii importante în strategia de prevenire. Creşterea cunoştinţelor despre implicaţiile infecţiei cu HPV poate încuraja programele de prevenire a cancerului de col uterin primar şi secundar.
It has been shown that this virus is responsible, at a lower but not negligible rate, for head and neck cancers 1. Both bivalent and tetravalent vaccines are considered highly effective against cervical cancer and precancerous lesions caused by HPV 16 and Both vaccines offer protection for HPV genotypes not included in the vaccine.
Through this paper, we aim to highlight for the first time the level of knowledge and attitude of the young adult in Romania human papillomavirus studies human papillomavirus infection, because the acceptance of vaccination and other preventive measures are mainly related to the level of knowledge and understanding of the risk of HPV infection. The results will be used in prevention and information strategies for this at-risk population.
How common is HPV? papilloma virus cauze
The sample included the answers of students in the age range years old, with The questionnaire was created on a digital platform provided by Google forms.
Questions have been created and responses have been validated in order helminticide dosage ensure a primary quality standard. Questions of interest were marked as mandatory, and some questions were labeled as conditional.
- Глаза Хейла расширились.
- Foot wart bandages
- Cancer mamar chirurgie
- - Подслушивающий должен был находиться в непосредственной близости и точно знать, что надо подслушивать.
- Над их головами куполом раскинулось усыпанное звездами небо.
- Кокетка до мозга костей, трижды разведенная, Мидж двигалась по шестикомнатным директорским апартаментам с вызывающей самоуверенностью.
Some questions were open, so certain opinions could be freely expressed. The questionnaire evaluated the knowledge and perception of respondents about human papillomavirus infection, anti-HPV vaccination and general epidemiology knowledge.
Viermii trăiesc în sol sarcoma cancer help, respirație parazitară papillomatosis confluens reticularis. How common is HPV? Hoe krijg je hpv virus viermi anti umani, papillomavirus 16 traitement virus papiloma pie.
The independent variables were age, year of study, and sex. A total knowledge score was calculated, with a maximum of 23 points, using correct answers of responders.
Each correct human papillomavirus studies contributed equally to the final score. At the end of the study, the online database was exported, and SPSS was used for statistical processing.
Descriptive statistics were calculated, including the frequency and percentage for the categorical and average variables SD for the continuous variables. The p value less than 0.
Human papillomavirus studies
For comparison of proportions, the Chi-square test, along with Mann-Whitney and Kruskal Wallis test were used. Results Prior to the participation in this study, Only students enrolled on the first year have never heard of HPV. Table 1.
The highest score human papillomavirus studies by our responders was Furthermore, the total score was transformed in tertiles. Table 2 contains intertertiles comparisons of demographic variables and the percentage of students who have responded correctly to questions. Table 2. Discussion Human papillomavirus infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide.
Although most neoplastic cervical intraepithelial lesions CIN regress spontaneously, most CIN 2 or 3 cervical dysplasia are extremely rare 5. Persistent HPV infection — the major risk factor for cervical cancer — is related to other factors, such as advanced age, HPV genotype, coexisting infections, immunosuppression and inflammation 5.
Overall, the study showed that, except for human papillomavirus studies few questions, students had a low level of knowledge about HPV. However, despite attending medical specializations, only Similar studies performed in different parts of the world had different prevalence levels of HPV consciousness. Another study, conducted in Nigeria, showed that only These results show that the lack papilloma in nostril knowledge about HPV exists everywhere, and the inadequacy of HPV knowledge is a global issue.
Успокойся, Грег. Сирена продолжала завывать. - Но я же ни в чем не виноват. - Ты лжешь. У меня есть доказательство! - Сьюзан встала и подошла к терминалам.
The prevention of HPV infections is essential in human papillomavirus studies prophylaxis of cervical, oral and anal cancers. The emergence and application of the HPV vaccine have been a major event in the prevention of many cancers, so there should be a greater awareness of HPV prevention and HPV vaccination, as most of the study participants A cause of the low prevalence of vaccination in this generation would be the false perceptions of vaccination, which could be caused by lack of knowledge, fear of having an adverse effect, and inadequate and insufficient preventive actions, such as advertising, brochures and information campaigns.
Another reason could be the lack of medical professionals support and the lack of recommendation by general practitioners, which ultimately affect the perception and acceptability of vaccination by the general population and by the students, respectively.
In general, the recommendation of the health care provider and the parents were the two main factors that determined the availability of respondents to be vaccinated for HPV. These findings report a strong influence of friends, parents and health care professionals on the acceptability of HPV vaccination, which reaffirms the conclusions of previous studies In the United States, the prevalence trends for anogenital warts vary with age and gender.
- Джабба - дурак! - прошипела .
- Hpv interferon therapy
- Viermi în piele
- Фонтейн сурово смотрел на Джаббу: - И на что же запрограммирован этот червяк.
- Human papillomavirus studies. Human papillomavirus vaccine studies
- Варианты бесконечны.
- Он поймал себя на том, что непроизвольно пятится от незнакомцев.
Among women aged 15 to 19 years old, the prevalence of HPV was stable between andbut declined significantly over the period Among women aged years old, the anogenital prevalence of warts increased significantly between andwas stable between andthen declined in